2019 - 2020 Learning Targets

8. H.1 Apply historical thinking to understand the creation and development of North Carolina and the United States.

8.H.1.1
I can explain how graphs, charts, and historical narratives can be used to explain historical events
I can construct charts and graphs using historical data
I can create a historical narrative

8.H.1.2
I can explain the point of a historical document
I can draw accurate conclusions about a historical event/issue using a historical document

8.H.1.3
I can explain the difference between a primary and secondary source
I can interpret a historical document to determine its credibility and accuracy
I can find credible sources of information
I can ask appropriate questions to interpret historical perspectives
I can use various sources to interpret events or issues 

8.H.1.4
I can gather data from a variety of sources
I can interpret historical data in the context of what we are studying
I can support interpretation of a historical event with evidence
I can identify bias in a historical source 

8.H.1.5
I can identify the perspectives of those involved in a historical event
I can provide evidence from past events that are contributing factors to today’s events
I can analyze historical decision making - including those involved, decisions made, and cost/benefits from each perspective

8.H.2 Understand the ways in which conflict, compromise and negotiation have shaped North Carolina and the United States.

8.H.2.1
I can explain the impact of economic, political, military conflicts on the development of NC and the US 

8.H.2.2
I can summarize how leadership and citizen action influenced the outcome of events in NC and the US 

8.H.2.3
I can explain the importance of debate, compromise, and negotiations to democracy
I can identify debates that have taken place in NC and the US
I can explain compromises that have taken place in NC and the US

8.H.3 Understand the factors that contribute to change and continuity in North Carolina and the United States.

8.H.3.1
I can explain how migration helped shape the development of NC and the US
I can explain how immigration helped shape the development of NC and the US
I can explain how migration patterns are determined
I can explain how immigration patterns are determined

8.H.3.2
I can explain how technology has changed the lives of people in NC and the US
I can explain how technology leads to societal change and economic growth
I can explain how technology impacts groups differently
I can explain how innovations evolve and what impact they have on individuals and groups in NC and the US

8.H.3.3
I can explain how groups motivated by grievances can be a powerful force for societal change
I can explain how history is composed of recurring issues and past events

8.G.1 Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States.

8.G.1.1
I can explain how the physical characteristics of a place may limit the mobility of people, goods and ideas
I can explain how access to transportation and communication networks allows for the movement of people, goods, and ideas
I can explain how the physical and human characteristics of a place may determine migration, immigration or settlement patterns

8.G.1.2
I can explain how geographic regions differ according to distinct unifying characteristics such as physical, cultural, political, economic and ethnic features
I can explain how regional designations may change over time
I can explain how the rate of change in a region depends on its geographic location and its human and physical characteristics
I can explain the types of regions
I can explain the unifying characteristics that define regions in NC and the US
I can explain how and why regions may change

8.G.1.3
I can explain how human and natural disasters may cause a population of people, wildlife, and resources to be displaced
I can explain how natural and human disasters can dictate settlement patterns of places.
I can explain how humans may modify the environment in a way that improve the quality of life through economic growth or environmental development that results in increased human comfort.
I can explain how human modification of the environment may lead to intended and unintended negative consequence
I can explain the ways North Carolinians have adapted to and modified the environment and the corresponding outcomes of those adaptations and modifications
I can explain the ways in which the environment of the United States has been changed to meet the needs of the people and the corresponding outcomes
I can explain the ways in which nature has impacted the quality of life and settlement patterns in NC and the US

8.E.1 Understand the economic activities of North Carolina and the United States.

8.E.1.1
I can explain how competition for scarce resources can lead to conflict in society
I can explain how cooperation and collaboration among citizens during periods of economic decline may lead to economic growth and stability
I can explain how overuse of scarce resources may lead to economic instability, recession or depression
I can explain how a lack of agreement on economic goals of a nation leads to internal and external conflict
I can identify periods of time in which NC and the US have experienced periods of economic growth and decline
I can explain how people compete for scarce resources, cooperated to achieve economic goals, or had conflicting view points over an economic issue
I can explain how economic growth impacted selected groups
I can explain how economic downturns can result in increased poverty for some individuals and groups
I can define economic depression and recession

8.E.1.2
I can explain the relationship between unemployment, inflation, economic growth, and economic instability.
I can explain the factors that influence the stability of a nation’s economy
I can explain the predictors of economic growth and stability
I can explain how Gross Domestic Product, inflation and unemployment are determined
I can explain growth and stability in NC and the US in relation to economic indicators

8.E.1.3
I can explain the importance of the responsible use of credit and borrowing
I can explain the importance of wise saving and investing
I can explain how bad economic decisions can prevent me from achieving my life goals
I can compare and contrast different types of financial institutions
I can compare and contrast different types of investments

8.C&G.1 Analyze how democratic ideals shaped government in North Carolina and the United States.

8.C&G.1.1
I can explain what governmental systems are based
I can explain how the political and social behaviors of a society are governed by its values and beliefs
I can explain how democratic ideals are reflected in local, state, and national governments
I can explain what is meant by democratic principles
I can explain how democratic ideas reflect the values and beliefs of citizens of NC and the US
I can explain how the values and beliefs of citizens concerning democratic ideals in the US and NC have changed over time 

8.C&G.1.2
I can explain how historical documents reflect differing degrees of democratic ideals.
I can explain how the interpretation and meaning of historical documents is shaped by social norms that may change over time.
I can explain the role of democratic ideals in historical documents
I can explain how the historical documents from NC and the US reflect our democratic ideals

8.C&G.1.3
I can analyze and explain differing viewpoints on the scope and power of state and national governments
I can explain how the debate over state and national government is on-going
I can give examples of issues NC and the US have had/are having over the scope and power of different levels of government
I can explain historic and current viewpoints on selected economic, political and social issues 

8.C&G.1.3
I can explain ways in which citizenship in a democratic society may afford its members equal access to certain rights, liberties, and protections under the law.
I can explain how access to democratic rights and freedoms among a nation’s citizens may change over time because of conflict and compromise.
I can identify ways in which access to democratic rights and freedoms may be denied or granted to various groups in society.
I can identify ways in which unequal distribution of power may lead to inequalities in society.
I can identify the groups who have struggled for access to democratic rights and freedoms and why they were denied access
I can list and explain the ways in which democratic rights were denied
I can explain the outcomes of various struggles for civil rights and equality by citizens of NC and the US

8.C&G.2 Understand the role that citizen participation plays in societal change.

8.C&G.2.1
I can explain the ways citizens participate in a democratic society
I can explain how political leaders respond to citizen action
I can explain the effectiveness of an action taken to encourage civic change may be evaluated in different ways.
I can explain how democratic political systems are based on the assumption that the majority of citizens are entitled to choose what is best for the society
I can explain how all forms of political participation are open to everyone legally able to participate
I can give examples of specific citizens’ actions and their outcomes in relation to events that effected change in NC and the US
I can list instances when citizen action produced societal change

8.C&G.2.2

I can explain how our democratic system of government is dependent upon the quality of citizen participation
I can identify ways that attempts to change society may have produced unintended consequences.
I can explain how change requires education, dedication and sacrifice
I can explain the causes, circumstances, and outcomes of various issues that generated citizen action.
I can give and explain examples of citizen campaigns that helped maintained a democratic system.
I can give and explain examples of citizen campaigns that negatively impacted society
I can list and explain ways individuals and groups were required to sacrifice in order to effect societal change

8.C&G.2.3
I can explain how participation in a democratic society secures human and civil rights for citizens
I can explain how differing viewpoints on human and civil rights can result in conflict
I can explain how human and civil rights issues may have local, national, and global consequences
I can explain ways in which various human and civil rights issues have impacted NC, US and the World
I can explain how human and civil rights issues continue to impact NC and the US equal access to a sound education issues of equity and fairness in the workplace equality of living conditions

8.C.1 Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States.

8.C.1.1
I can explain how cultural interaction can alter a society’s way of life and result in positive or negative development over time
I can explain how people’s culture may change when it incorporates ideas or elements of other cultures
I can explain why as nations become more interdependent, multiculturalism increases
I can explain how the values, beliefs, customs and traditions of the past influence the present and future culture of a society
I can explain the cultural practices, values and belief systems that Africans and Europeans brought to the Americas
I can explain how the cultural practices, values and belief systems of Africans, Europeans and Native Americans impacted each other. 

8.C.1.2
I can summarize the origin of beliefs, practices, and traditions that represent various groups within NC and the US
I can explain how geographic location contributes to the diversity of human culture
I can explain how cultural practices can originate from a variety of geographic locations
I can explain ways in which cultural practices can impact a region, state or nation
I can identify that geographic regions and country origins of immigrants to NC and the US
I can give examples of cultural diffusion present in NC and the US

8.C.1.3
I can summarize the contributions of particular groups to the development of NC and the US
I can explain how diverse cultures are valuable to the development of society
I can explain the impact and contributions of native and immigrant groups on NC/US
I can explain the impact and contributions of demographic groups on NC/US